The G-20 Countries


G20 Summit Japan

The G20 Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy is held every year to discuss the critical issues affecting the global economy. 2019 G20 Osaka summit will be held on 28–29 June 2019 in Osaka and be the first-ever G20 summit to be hosted in Japan. During its presidency of the G20 Summit, the Japanese government is determined to carry out strong leadership in advancing discussions toward resolving the myriad issues now facing the international community. At the same time, the G20 Summit is a perfect opportunity for people from all over the world to see and experience not only a newly revitalized and transforming Japan—which is thanks to booming corporate profits and a wave of inbound investment as a result of bold regulatory reforms and other stimulus measures—but also the wide-ranging appeal of the various regions that will host these consequential discussions. The nine cities hosting the G20 Summit and its related ministerial meetings all have their own fascinating cuisine, history, and culture. Photo from

Looking back to other meetings, there has been a consensus reached by the finance ministers of G-20, against the devaluation of competitive currencies. Haruhiko Kuroda, governor of the Bank of Japan shares the sentiment that not only the G-20 countries but also other countries will reap the benefits of the consensus. He made his announcement at a meeting held in Shanghai. The meeting was centered on the negative rates of interest and the steps to be taken by the Bank of Japan regardless of its lack of space for maneuvering. To reach the target of a two percent inflation the bank will further lessen it rates after assessing the impact the policy might have on the situation.

How was the meeting on the G-20 assessed?
The global economy was looked at as a whole that includes the volatility of the included finances, the capital flow reversal and the decline of the commodity prices. Growth strategies are consistently implemented by the G-20 countries along with conducting reformation of the structural integrity to sustain a balance growth. The tools of policy including fiscal, monetary, individually, structural and collectivity are all used by the G-20 countries to achieve the communique in its entirety.
Is there fear of this devaluation among major Asian currencies?
To increase competition for exports or any other aspects, G-20 countries will not be a part of using competitive devaluation to achieve their increases and this is a direction that many other countries also believe is the right way to go. The government of China won't allow the yuan to depreciate as their policy on exchange rates are very clear. The six major Asian countries of the G-20, Japan, China, South Korea, India, Australia and Indonesia are agree to the decision of not engaging in the competitive depreciation of their currencies.
What is the viability of the New Plaza Accord?
Volatility on the exchange rates along with disorderly movements can adversely impact the financial stability of the economy and this has been clearly outlined by the communique. G-20 countries will not target the currency exchange rates to ensure competitive devaluation. The first Plaza Accord was designed to depreciate the value of the ten US dollar in nineteen eighty five. The situation as it stands is completely different from the prior one and the communique lays out a good statement in regards to this.
Will fiscal policies boost the growth of Japan's economy?
The Bank of Japan has implemented negative interest rates in the attempt to reach their targeted goal of two percent inflation. Structural reform has also been implemented with bills being fostered to strengthen these structural changes and this includes a reform of the labor market. The nation as showed that they are adhering to the policies of the G-20 agreement and is incorporating all tools to obtain balanced goals.
What has been the impact of the negative interest policy?
The idea behind negative interest policy was to ensure the reduction of the yield curve starting point. The entire curve will decline by affecting the curve's short end. In response to the curve's decline, the interest rates on housing and cooperate loans have been significantly reduced by commercial banks. There is a difference in the impact of the rates of negative interest and the exchange rates movements on the markets. The yen and the stock market fluctuated even after the introduction of negative interest rates. The Japanese economy is steadily increasing but unlike the US and the European economy, it is a lot more stable and does not fluctuate as much. This is the reason the yen is been seen as a safe heaven. The movement of the exchange rate is radical and very hard to predict and pose a problem for one to discern a fall in the Yen's value or not.
What is the effects of negative interest rates on banking?
The negative interest rates have minimal impacts on the banking sector. This is a well-constructed scheme that only subjects a marginal increase of reserves to a negative interest rate of 0.1 percent. The remainder reserve will continuously receive the opposite in positive interest rates.
Will the ‘helicopter money' policy be accepted by Japan?
The previous actions of the Japanese Bank ensures no need for the nation to adapt the rules of the policy. They have been purchasing long term bonds in order to lower the curve of the yield and the idea of the helicopter money will not be able to support this direction. With that in mind you have to be aware that the fiscal and current laws prohibits the Japanese bank from financing the deficit directly.
Will the U.S Federal Reserve raise interest rates?
The policies of the Federal Reserve are very transparent and will continue to be dependent on data. The increase or decrease in interest rates will totally influenced by the data produced by the reserves. The rates will be increased only if the data allows it and the reserve see where the economy is recovered and strong enough to support such and increase or decline.


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